INTERNATIONAL STUDENT ASSOCIATION
Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of cancer.
The three components which have improved survival in cancer are:
- Prevention - This is by reduction of risk factors like tobacco and alcohol consumption
- Early diagnosis - Screening of common cancers and comprehensive diagnosis and staging
- Treatment - Multimodality management by discussion in tumour board and treatment in a comprehensive cancer centre
Anthony J Neal and Peter J Hoskin. Clinical Oncology Basic Principles and Practice, 4t edition, CRC press, Taylor and Francis Group, 2012.